←Back to resources

People on the move – statistics on mobility in Europe

Published 11 July 2019

According to the digital publication developed by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union, among the half a billion people living in the EU, 8% do not have the nationality of their country of residence and 1.3 million Europeans live in one country, but work in another, and 1.7 million EU students study abroad. People in today’s Europe are on the move more than ever before, be it due to migration, education, work or tourism.

The publication contains short texts, interactive visualisation tools and infographics and is divided into four chapters, each containing four sections:

  • European melting pot describes people entering and exiting the EU Member States. This chapter is also devoted to people acquiring citizenship and getting residence permits. To give an overview, data on people living in Europe broken down by nationals, other EU citizens and non-EU citizens are also included.
  • Studying and working abroad includes data on people studying abroad including Erasmus graduates. It also contains data on education level and working by citizenship. One section is devoted to crossing borders to go to work and another on commuting between regions.
  • Trains, planes and automobiles focuses on how people travel to work and elsewhere. One part deals with the number and age of cars, while another looks at the number of people travelling by plane, both within and outside Europe, as well as people travelling by boat. The largest passenger airports and ports are also presented.
  • Out and about concentrates on tourism. The chapter includes the purpose of trips, where tourists stay, the main destinations and transport means. The number of trips and their duration, as well as expenditure on trips, are also included.


Access the online statistics developed by Eurostat.